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BBA Counselor
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Discussion Starter #1
ok I just picked up a motor and now I think I need to change some plans do to the fact that it is electric start with an alternator. first let me ask about the wiring.

I have from the battery 8ga wire to this battery switch


to this fuse panel


and then from the negative bus bar on the panel back to the battery with 8ga wire.

So will I be able to hook the positive side to the battery switch and the negative side to the bus bar? and is the 8ga wire heavy enough?
or will I need to get thicker wire to the battery switch, hook the positive motor wire to it, and then run the negative motor wire all the way back to the battery?
Next I need to know about batteries. I was going to get a group 27 deep cycle but now with the starter will I need to get the dual purpose one? Will it power my livewell and trolling motor the same? I can't have 2 batteries so I need to know which type will do the job the best and what the real differences are?
heres some motor porn.
 

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I Love microskiff.com!
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i would definitely run the motor off 4 ga. wire. what was the other question? oh yeah go with the dual purpose batt. :cool:
 

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Here's a wiring gauge chart for general reference.
I have a copy taped to the lid inside of my electrical toolbox.
Makes it easy to find when I need it.
 

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I bought some welding cable last year for a really good price, but I can't remember or find where I bought it. I tried several searches without any luck, but it was almost half the price of marine wire?

Frank_S
 

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It was a site similar to this http://www.cableyard.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=30&osCsid=e8085f2bba7024dbbdd36fe2a853a3f3

Still that isn't too bad of a price. It is available in red as well.

Frank_S
 

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BBA Counselor
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Discussion Starter #6
how many amps does the starter draw? I know it has either a 10 or 12 amp alternator so the 8 ga I already bought would work just fine since according to that chart it is rated for 80amps, but I would like to be safe. An electrician I work with thought the 8 would be just fine as well and the 4 would be over kill, but didn't know about the actual starter. Keep in mind my battery is in the front of the boat so it has to be run atleast 11-12ft. what to do? :-/
 

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Starters spike the amperage pretty high.
Check with Yamaha dealer regarding the starter load.
If the battery required is 350 CCA for your engine
that ought to give you a pretty good idea of the amp draw.
 

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BBA Counselor
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Discussion Starter #8
called yamaha dealer today, the tech said 4 should be fine, I hope it wll fit through my pipe chase
 

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Fish Finaddict
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I have 1 24 series deep cycle battery that serves as my starting/trolling motor batt. I have 8 gauge cable running from the rear of the boat to the trolling motor about 12 feet away. I also run the same gauge wire to my motor from the batt. I have yet to kill my batt after using the trolling motor for 4 hours straight and it starts my motor up instantly. IMHO 4 gauge is overkill.
 

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BBA Counselor
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Discussion Starter #10
it might be overkill, but if the yamaha tech says use 4ga, Imma gonna use it. I picked some up this morning and it's not as thick as I thought so it should still fit nicely in my pipe chase. the only think is they did not have red, only black in stock so I'll have to mark one of the lines.

My plan now is run 4ga to the battery switch, then to connect the positive side of the motor to the battery switch, then splice the 4ga into the negative side and run that all the way back to the battery. sound good?
My other electronics will be 8ga (gotta use it somewhere) to the fuse panel, then 8a from the negative bus bar back to the battery. I hope this is the last time I need to revise this all.
 

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Fish Finaddict
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Yep!, sounds good. Instead of splicing the wiring to the motor, why don't you use a distribution stud to the negative? It's a stud mounted to a plastic piece that you bolt down to the boat. You run your negative wire to it and then hook up all your negative connections to the stud. With this one you can use it for both your positive and your ground.
http://www.jamestowndistributors.com/userportal/show_product.do?pid=1202&familyName=Blue+Sea+Systems+PowerPost+High+Amperage+Cable+Connectors
With this one you can hook your battery ground on one side and the motor on the other accessories in the middle.
http://www.jamestowndistributors.com/userportal/show_product.do?pid=8978&familyName=Electrical+Bus+Bar+10+x+8-32+Stud+150A
 

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Discussion Starter #12
if you look at the fuse panel picture I posted you can see it already came with a bus bar for the positive and negative sides, however it has a smaller stud on it like a number 10 so i feel more comfortable just running it all the way seperately.
 

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if you look at the fuse panel picture I posted you can see it already came with a bus bar for the positive and negative sides, however it has a smaller stud on it like a number 10 so i feel more comfortable just running it all the way seperately.

4ga from the battery to the studs "tico"suggested.

Connect motor directly to the studs - it should already have the connectors.

Run 8 or 10ga to your buss bars.  It wouldn't hurt to inline fuse the positive side.

How are you gong to protect your fuse/buss bar block?
 

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Discussion Starter #14
I am running the 4ga to the battery cut off so if I got a stud I would only need one. as far as protecting the bus bar goes why would I need a fuse to protect a fuse panel?

I am running out of time, where can I get one of these studs locally? (pepboys, discount auto parts?) I am starting the wiring tomorrow and don't have time to wait for internet orders.
 

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I am running the 4ga to the battery cut off so if I got a stud I would only need one.
You need to also connect the negative side of the motor.  Most people don't understand that the negative side is actually more important to get right.

as far as protecting the bus bar goes why would I need a fuse to protect a fuse panel?
Since you don't state what you are running off your fuse block and assuming it's reserved for switches, I'm allowing for an automatic bilge pump, the only thing that gets wired direct.

I am running out of time, where can I get one of these studs locally? (pepboys, discount auto parts?) I am starting the wiring tomorrow and don't have time to wait for internet orders.
Like Brett stated, it's just and insulated bolt and you can make it.

I am starting the wiring tomorrow and don't have time to wait for internet orders.
All the parts you need are a available from a local marine supply, you may just pay a little more.
 

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Fish Finaddict
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I'm just making a suggestion. I run my battery in the rear of my boat. I have my motor on a quick disconnect marinco plug that is wired directly to the battery. My switch panel, is directly wired to my battery with 10 gauge marine cable. All my accessories are run with 16 gauge marine tinned and insulated wires.You could also run your fuel tank up front only having to run a simple fuel hose from the front to the rear. Just trying to help! :)
 

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Discussion Starter #18
I am running the 4ga to the battery cut off so if I got a stud I would only need one.

You need to also connect the negative side of the motor. Most people don't understand that the negative side is actually more important to get right.
I understand this, thats why I was going to run the negative by itself back to the battery. and if I don't the negative side would not be bolted to the batery cut off, that would actually negate the cut off switch all together wouldn't it. the battery switch would do the same job as the post for the positive side which is why I don't see the need for it.

as far as protecting the bus bar goes why would I need a fuse to protect a fuse panel?

Since you don't state what you are running off your fuse block and assuming it's reserved for switches, I'm allowing for an automatic bilge pump, the only thing that gets wired direct.
it's a 6 fuse switch block, 4 will go to the switches for the livewell and lights, 1 to the bilge pump, and 1 to the depth finder/gps eventually, but all will be fused through the block, if I need to add anything else later on I'll just add an inline fuse for that.

Like Brett stated, it's just and insulated bolt and you can make it.
Ii need further clarification on this one. would just a 1/4" bolt covered in liquid tape work? if not how else do I insulate the bolt without directly bolting it to my boatside?

All the parts you need are a available from a local marine supply, you may just pay a little more.
Problem is there are no local marine supply shops here, closest one is west marine which is almost an hour away.

Thanks for the help, I know this is a headache, especially since this is the 4th time I've revised my plans for the electrical system.
 

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BBA Counselor
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Discussion Starter #19
I'm just making a suggestion. I run my battery in the rear of my boat. I have my motor on a quick disconnect marinco plug that is wired directly to the battery. My switch panel, is directly wired to my battery with 10 gauge marine cable. All my accessories are run with 16 gauge marine tinned and insulated wires.You could also run your fuel tank up front only having to run a simple fuel hose from the front to the rear. Just trying to help!
My battery will be in the front along with the gas tank(see my build blog for pics of the supports). so I can't do as your suggesting. I already have the wire for my accessories along with the fittings. I have pipe chases to keep the fuel and electrical completely isolated from each other. basically the negative setup for the motor is the last piece of the puzzle for me.
 

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I am running the 4ga to the battery cut off so if I got a stud I would only need one.

You need to also connect the negative side of the motor.  Most people don't understand that the negative side is actually more important to get right.
I understand this, thats why I was going to run the negative by itself back to the battery. and if I don't the negative side would not be bolted to the batery cut off, that would actually negate the cut off switch all together wouldn't it. the battery switch would do the same job as the post for the positive side which is why I don't see the need for it.
Typically, the battery cut off is located near the battery/batteries.  Thought I read you were running a trolling motor :-/  If that's the case, you would need to another 4ga for the trolling. If not, you could do it that way.

as far as protecting the bus bar goes why would I need a fuse to protect a fuse panel?

Since you don't state what you are running off your fuse block and assuming it's reserved for switches, I'm allowing for an automatic bilge pump, the only thing that gets wired direct.
it's a 6 fuse switch block, 4 will go to the switches for the livewell and lights, 1 to the bilge pump, and 1 to the depth finder/gps eventually, but all will be fused through the block, if I need to add anything else later on I'll just add an inline fuse for that.
That will work, you just want to protect the fuse block from the elements and gear.  Uncovered, inside a hatch isn't really a good plan.

Like Brett stated, it's just and insulated bolt and you can make it.
Ii need further clarification on this one. would just a 1/4" bolt covered in liquid tape work? if not how else do I insulate the bolt without directly bolting it to my boatside?

All the parts you need are a available from a local marine supply, you may just pay a little more.
Problem is there are no local marine supply shops here, closest one is west marine which is almost an hour away.

Thanks for the help, I know this is a headache, especially since this is the 4th time I've revised my plans for the electrical system.
Just use a SS 1/4-20 bolt through something that is non conductive.  I prefer some sort of protection (boot) for both positive and negative terminals to prevent accidental shorts.  The cut off switch you show and intend to use as a block does not show any protection against a short.

Only reason I jumped on this thread is because I had a phone call just over a week ago with the same type questions.  He chose to ignore "the basics" and now his boat is over a 4.5K insurance claim. ;)  Obviously it was not a microskiff but it was a result of failure to detail with simple wiring.  The common denominator when these things happen is "it sucks getting towed back" ;) FYI, he fried everything but it looks like the fuse on the motor saved his ECM. :eek: He even needs a new Yamaha wiring harness and key switch. All a result of one minor electrical problem. :-[
 
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